In 2000, 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with 21 targets were launched to offer the opportunity and conceptual framework for business, civil society and government to focus their efforts on the most urgent development issues. The MDGs would ensure that globalisation became a positive force for all, in a more peaceful and prosperous world.
Looking back after 15 years, the MDGs had mixed results, however, it is accurate to say that they paved the way for the much more ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Agenda. The 17 goals underpinned by 169 targets were adopted in September 2015 in New York by the States Member of the United Nations and came into effect on 1 January 2016.
The SDGs represent the call for an urgent collective action of business, civil society and government to achieve global social, environmental and economic progress, for present and future generations. The SDGs work based on a horizontal people-planet-prosperity framework to face the challenges that constrain the pursuit of a global sustainable development.
The 17 SDGs: